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Caravan and camping sites - health and safety checklist

Caravan and Camping Sites - Health and Safety Checklist for reference when carrying out your risk assessment / assessment review

Typical hazards associated with caravan and camping sites and example control measures.

Please note: the following provides examples, it is not intended as an exhaustive list of areas to consider or a list of all potential hazards and controls relevant to your site. It is provided as an aide and information source to refer to when carrying out your site specific assessment.

Static caravans

Areas to consider for potential hazards for static caravans.
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Siting and desiting of static caravans Fatality/serious injury
Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Plan for siting / desiting of caravans
  • Staff training and supervision
  • Agreed procedure with contractors, including risk assessment
  • Exclude members of public from work area (ideally move caravans when site is closed)

Site Layout

Areas to consider for potential hazards for Layout
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures

Layout of:

  • Holiday lets
  • Owner occupied
  • Touring Caravans
  • Camping Pods
  • Tents
Fire risk
  • Adequate separation between units. Including controls on the construction of decking between units' according to site licence conditions and fire risk assessment
  • No combustible sheds or other structures within the separation distance
  • No combustible storage beneath caravans or decking
  • Vegetation kept cut back
  • Fire hose reels and extinguishers provided in accordance with site licence conditions
  • Maintenance regime for fire fighting equipment, including frost protection

See Fire safety risk assessment: sleeping accommodation on GOV.UK

Camping pods

Areas to consider for potential hazards for camping pods
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Use Carbon monoxide (CO) Notices within pods that no gas heaters, naked flames or BBQs allowed within pods
Advice given to pod users at booking and on arrival, advice displayed on site and at retail point where BBQ's sold.
For further information see links below:

Tents / caravans

Areas to consider for potential hazards for tents / caravans
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Use Carbon monoxide (CO)

Advice displayed on site and at retail point where BBQ's sold of dangers of CO.

For further information see:

Site services

Areas to consider for potential hazards for site services
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Electrical installation and equipment Electric shock and burns
  • Regular visual checks for damage to installations, including hook ups and equipment
  • Electrical testing and inspection reports up-to-date, in compliance with site licence conditions
  • Work undertaken by competent person conversant with statutory requirements eg NICEIC or ECA contractor.
  • Isolation of abandoned pitches
  • Regular Residual Current Device (RCD) checks
Overhead electric cables Electrocution
  • Overhead lines insulated, anti climb devices fitted.
  • Warning notices displayed
  • Advice given to site users

For further information see:

Gas Gas leak/explosion
Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Replace old or perished gas hoses
  • Annual gas safety checks of site boilers, water heaters and equipment in holiday lets by Gas Safe Installer registered to work on LPG on caravan sites

For further information see:

LPG

Areas to consider for potential hazards for LPG storage
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
LPG storage Gas leak/ explosion/fire

Compound for storage of new and used gas cylinders

  • Suitably sited - away from buildings and drain gullies.
  • Kept locked
  • Free from overgrown vegetation
  • Adequate size to meet site requirements (no stacking of cylinders)
  • No cylinder storage outside the cage
  • Warning signage displayed
  • No smoking

For further information see:

Roadways and footpaths

Areas to consider for potential hazards for roadways and footpaths
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Pedestrian safety
  • slips and trips
  • collision with vehicles
  • Maintain access roads and footpaths in good repair
  • Speed limits imposed
  • Pedestrian routes clearly marked
  • Provide handrails to steps
  • Lighting of footways as necessary
  • Clearly marked road system
  • Separate pedestrians from vehicles where possible
    (See link below to workplace transport safety checklist)
Traffic routes Vehicles - collision
  • Clearly marked traffic route, no obstructions
  • Speed limit applied
  • Adequate road width or one-way system in place

See workplace transport safety inspection checklist on the HSE website.

Winter conditions Icy/snowy conditions
  • Treatment of road and footpaths as appropriate
  • Signage

For further information see:

Amenity blocks

Areas to consider for potential hazards for amenity blocks
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Floors Slips/trips
  • Slip resistant flooring
  • Adequate cleaning procedures
  • Signage for wet/slippery floors

See slips and trips on the HSE website for further information.

Water temperature Scalding from hot water
  • Thermostatic control valves at water outlets
  • Warning signage
Legionella Legionella risk
  • Boiler maintenance according to manufacturers instructions
  • Run all showers and other fittings weekly to avoid water stagnating
  • Dismantle and clean shower heads at least quarterly
  • Remove redundant pipework
  • Keep water cisterns covered, insulated and free of debris

See Legionella and Legionnaires' disease on the HSE website for further information.

Laundry room Electric shock/physical injury
  • Ensure safety of electrical equipment
  • Interlocks fitted to washing machines, dryers and so on.

See NALI (National Association of the Launderette Industry for guidance for launderettes.

Leisure

Areas to consider for potential hazards for leisure
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Play Areas Slips, trips and falls
  • Regular safety checks of equipment and surrounding area
  • Suitable floor surface material, replaced or repaired as necessary
  • Safe access route to the playground
  • Exclusion of animals
  • Safety signage displayed for example: supervision by parents, age restrictions / zones.

See Play Safety Advice and Information on the RoSPA website for further information.

Spa Pools / Hot Tubs Legionella
Risk of other infections
  • Staff training in pool management
  • Effective water treatment
  • Water sampling programme
  • Instructions to users

See Legionella and Legionnaires' disease the HSE website for further information.

Asbestos

Areas to consider for potential hazards for asbestos containing material
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Asbestos containing material Asbestos related disease
  • Find out whether there are any materials containing asbestos on the site and, if so, where it is and what condition it is in. If in doubt, materials must be presumed to contain asbestos;
  • assess the risk and
  • make a plan to manage that risk and act on it.

See the duty to manage asbestos on the HSE website for guidance.

Grounds maintenance

Areas to consider for potential hazards for grounds maintenance
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Grounds Maintenance Chemical poisoning
  • Safe use of grass cutting and other equipment
  • Trained staff
  • Equipment maintenance

 

See Pesticides on the HSE website for further information.

  Physical injury
  • Safe use of grass cutting and other equipment
  • Trained staff
  • Equipment maintenance
See Pesticides on the HSE website for further information.

Conflicting site uses

Areas to consider for potential hazards for conflicting site uses
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Conflicting site uses Collision/accident Other activities kept separate from the caravan site

Other site features

Areas to consider for potential hazards for other site features
Topic Area Example Hazards Example control measures
Steep slopes/ sudden changes in level Slips trips and falls
  • Fencing as appropriate
  • Warning signage
  • Advice to site users
Watercourses Drowning
Flood risk
  • Fencing as appropriate
  • Warning signage
  • Advice to site users

See camping and caravan sites: minimise your flood risk on GOV.UK for more information.

Ticks Lyme Disease

Information provided on site.

Go to leaflets on the Lyme Disease Action website to download leaflets and posters for further information.

Information sources:

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